Wincze, J. Medroxyprogesterone acetate as an antiandrogen for the rehabilitation of sex offenders. If the initial restriction of autonomy brought about through incarceration was itself justified, then it is difficult to see how the lesser but still significant restriction on autonomy faced by the offender offered a choice between incarceration and anti androgen drugs for sex offenders in Texas could be unjustified.
Professional Psychology: Research and Practice. Gittleson, N. Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Oregon, Montana, and Wisconsin followed California ' s lead and now allow treatment as punishment for certain sexual offenses. Life-threatening side effects are rare, but some users show increases in body fat and reduced bone density, which increase long-term risk of cardiovascular disease and osteoporosis.
Jordan-Young 7 January Forensic Management of Sexual Offenders. Bremer, J. On April 30,a man in the United Kingdom found guilty of attempting to murder a year-old woman in order to abduct and rape her two granddaughters agreed to undergo chemical castration as part of the terms of his sentence.
You asked for background information on states that allow or require sex offenders to be castrated. Law and Human Behavior. New York: Basic Books; For example, Scott and Holmberg suggest that. Although the authors originally planned to include chemical castration studies in their meta-analysis, none of these studies met their inclusion criteria regarding minimum level of study quality.
When used on females, the effects are similar, though there is little research about chemically lowering female's sex drive or female-specific anaphrodisiacs, since most research focuses on the opposite, but anti-androgenic hormone regimens would lower testosterone in females which can impact sex drive or sexual response.
After the outrage following the gang rape of a woman in Delhi , the Government has submitted a draft proposing chemical castration along with an imprisonment of up to 30 years for rape convicts as part of the anti-rape law in India. Acta Psychiatrica Scand.