To ensure success of the HBC 's business venture, Inuit trappers were needed. The studies also determined that there were significant numbers of Inuit offenders from the eastern and central Arctic, indicating the need for increased correctional services in those regions.
As many of the programs developed for the treatment and rehabilitation of northern offenders were based on southern Canadian models of culture and socialization, the report recommended developing programs that considered traditional Inuit culture and the unique elements of northern communities, such as the dominance of Inuktitut rather than English, the high incidence of unemployment, the lack of available housing, and the short length of time that many Inuit had lived in permanent communities.
Concern for Arctic sovereignty prompted the Canadian government to initiate a greater presence in the North. In Quebec, the RCMP policed Nunavik from until provincial services were implemented in the region during the late s.
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The Re Eskimo decision did little to alter the delivery of government services or programs for Inuit, as committees within the Department of the Interior, and the Department of Mines and Resources after , continued to administer Inuit affairs.
These efforts at rehabilitation, however, were based on models appropriate to southern Canadian culture and lacked relevance to Inuit circumstances. Inuit participation in the fur trade was time consuming, however, and diverted attention from subsistence-oriented to fur-producing activities, thereby increasing Inuit reliance on foods obtained from the HBC to supplement their diet.
Additionally, Inuit families were hired as guides and hunters to keep the whaling ships' crews supplied with meat. Such programs, it is hoped, will successfully reduce the crime rate in the North, which continues to be higher in the NWT and Nunavut than in other regions of Canada.