Participants in the program did better than other inmates in terms of finding employment upon release, staying employed, and recidivism. The public is justified in feeling concerned about the release of sex offenders, and governments should be doing everything they can to reduce their risk of re-offending.
At the same time, offenders face discrimination in their attempts to become productive citizens. That the outcomes to date have been less than stellar despite the best efforts of communities, program staff, and youth themselves serves as a reminder that the effective prevention of recidivism by known offenders is far more complex than was anticipated.
The 'middle-ground' position is a combination of the two deficit models.
During the two-year follow-up, the majority of youths in both groups was re-referred to probation, or was re-arrested. These factors, in combination with noncompliance of treatment orders, may make these individuals a risk not only to themselves, but to others as well Hartwell and Orr, Before someone receives confidential information about an offender, they must sign a confidentiality agreement.
A similar issue of legislation being introduced to target particular sexual offenders was seen in the case of Dennis Ferguson. Biochemistry and Behavior, 5 5 A Christian-oriented pre-release program that is structured to provide education, work, life skills, values restructuring, and one-on-one monitoring in an environment of religious instruction.
Further, programmatic interventions must reflect the variability in needs and risks presented by offenders returning to the community. A review of evaluations of a number of integrated and throughcare programs reveals mixed results in terms of their effectiveness in assisting offenders to reintegrate into the community and avoid future criminal offending.
Youth who made advancements in literacy, qualifications or further employment and training had lower levels of reoffending than their less successful peers.
There is some evidence to suggest that severely addicted persons are often prolific offenders and this has led policy-makers to focus on drug-related rather than alcohol-related offending Harper and Chitty, There is a recognition that preparation for reintegration should commence before the offenders' release.
There is a paucity of reliable information on ex-prisoners' experiences in securing accommodation in the community or on the relationship between housing and recidivism Baldry et al. Sentencing: applications of videotape in analysis and training.
Offenders released from confinement face a variety of challenges that may hinder their ability to become law-abiding citizens.
Offenders who experienced difficulties with respect to accommodation appear to be more likely to be reconvicted than offenders who did not have accommodation problems Nilsson, Short-term prison terms and extended terms of remand in custody provide limited opportunities for successful treatment and interventions to prevent future recidivism.
The families of offenders are a potential source of support and assistance upon reentry into the community. A preliminary evaluation found that reconviction rates were not significantly reduced nor was there a reduction in the overall numbers of offenders returned to prison.