The second criticism offered by Marks is the lack of adequate comparison groups. Delinquency, victimization, and substance use among adolescents with female same-sex parents. Finding a significant number of negative correlates of well-being for children with gay or lesbian parents, even if they are derived from simple models, invites thinking about some possible mechanisms.
Footnotes Publisher's Disclaimer: This is a PDF file research paper on same sex adoption in Gosford an unedited manuscript that has been accepted for publication. Some communities and their child-oriented organizations make a strong effort to be inclusive; others may not see this as necessary or may even be hostile to non-traditional families.
Bureau of the Census, b. Given some of the complexity of the family lives detailed above, a sample of young adults who report a lesbian mother and 73 who report a gay father are frustratingly inadequate for doing anything but broad comparisons across family characteristics.
The analyses in the Regnerus paper are provocative but far from conclusive. Clearly longitudinal data, the gold standard for addressing fundamental questions of causality, mechanisms, the relative importance of preexisting conditions, and the possibility of emerging effects would be ideal.
The basic contours of the changes are well known. Psychosocial adjustment, school outcomes, and romantic attractions of adolescents with same-sex parents. It is now a given among researchers that entry into a family e.
Author manuscript; available in PMC Jul Today, children can be found in variety of alternative family arrangements. Children of lesbian and gay parents. On the other hand, with the exception of children born from donor insemination or adopted at birth by lesbian couples, the majority of children of gay or lesbian parents have experienced family transitions not unlike that of children of divorced or remarried parents.
Given some of the complexity of the family lives detailed above, a sample of young adults who report a lesbian mother and 73 who report a gay father are frustratingly inadequate for doing anything but broad comparisons across research paper on same sex adoption in Gosford characteristics.
It is reasonable, however, to posit that gay and lesbian parents and their children face challenges that may make parenting more difficult. The upshot is that whenever possible studies should include comparisons across multiple family structures.
In short, the current debates about same-sex marriage, embedded in the profound changes in the lives of children and the growing public tolerance of alternative families, together form the backdrop of growing scholarly interest in the well-being of children raised by gay or lesbian parents.
In summary, the Marks paper, by turning a bright light on the shortcomings of previous work, challenges researchers to develop better data and conduct the kinds of analyses that allow more confidence in generalizations.
Finally, using intact married couple families as the comparison family structure is typical in studies of the well-being of children in single parent families, remarried families, and cohabiting couple families. Same sex couples and unmarried partners in the American Community Survey, Delinquency, victimization, and substance use among adolescents with female same-sex parents.
Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgendered families.