Sexual Development. In the late s, James J. In some species, low temperatures produce mainly females, and high temperatures produce mostly males.
Gen Comp Endocrinol 77 : — Second, researchers had to develop methods to measure reproductive success for species with TSD. An Introduction to Behavioral Endocrinology. These chemicals block the conversion of testosterone to estradiol during development so each sex offspring can be produced at all temperatures.
Mol Reprod Dev 56 : 1 — 5. Conservation Biology.
New Jersey: Pearson Education, Other reptiles governed by GSD have a system, similar to one found in birds, with Z and W sex chromosomes. Therein it differentiates into a minute 1—3-mm-long male that is essentially a sperm-producing symbiont of the female see Figure 3.
The estrogen synthesis inhibitors used in the experiments mentioned above worked by blocking the aromatase enzyme, showing that experimentally low aromatase conditions yield male offspring. Note: Content may be edited for style and length. One hypothesis is that the temperature is sensed by neurons in the central nervous system and transduced to the bipotential gonad by nerve fibers see Lance Sunderland MA : Sinauer Associates ; Bull, James, and Richard Vogt.